What is the Colosseum? History of Colosseum and Colosseum Rome Facts

Are you curious to know about the Colosseum, one of the marvels of the human-made building? Want to find out where is the Colosseum, when was Colosseum built, who built Colosseum? If so, then let’s find it out from this post.

Let us take you to the journey of the past into the Roman period. This article is presenting you the story of a ‘building’ which is almost 2000 years old, the Colosseum. It is not only a place of tourist attraction. It is a window by which you can see the past. It is a mirror reflecting the way people used to entertain themselves. You will get to know the sports of old time and the athletes of old times. By old we mean people living 2000 years ago. Much has been talked and now let begins our journey.

We all know about the mighty Roman Empire. It was one of the greatest empires in the history of the World. The Roman Empire was known for its building or engineering. There was a Roman Emperor called Nero. He took his own life in AD 68. During his regime, a series of civil war broke out due to his misrule. Four emperors took the throne in the tumultuous year after the death of Nero. It was Emperor Vespasian who ruled for 10 years from 69 AD to 79 AD.

What is the Colosseum? History of Colosseum and Colosseum Rome Facts

Do want to know who built the Colosseum and when it was built? Let us look further deep into the history a little bit. The Colosseum is also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre. It was the Flavian emperors who built this gigantic theater. They attempted to tone down the Roman court, restore Senate authority and promote public welfare (due to civil war was broke at that time). Around, 70-72AD, the Vespian Emperor, gave the Roman people a lush land near the center of the city, where Emperor Nero built a grand palace for himself. The Nero also decided to make a Golden Palace for himself. The Vespian decided to build a new amphitheater in its place where the public could enjoy the different sport, dramas, gladiators fight and etc. This is how the idea of Amphitheater came into the mind of its makers.

The construction of the Colosseum in Rome started under Emperor Vespasian in Ad 72 (pretty old). The credit for making this grand arena of entertainment and even holding palace goes to three Roman Emperor. Emperor Vespasian started the construction, his successor and heir Titus completed this structure in AD 80. The modification of the arena was done by the Emperor Titus successor i.e. emperor Domitian. These three emperors are known as the Flavian Dynasty. In Latin, the Amphitheater was named also as Flavian Amphitheater.

The Colosseum is one of the Jewel of Roman Building. Simply, it is an Amphitheater which was used as an arena to show valor, the fight of gladiators and other shows were held in it. It was built to please and entertain the people of the kingdom. Presently, it got a place in the Seven Wonders of the World. If you are wondering about the location of Colosseum then ‘it is presented at one of the most beautiful countries of the World i.e. Italy (specifically in Rome)’. The Colosseum is almost 2000 years old, oval-shaped Amphitheater in the center of the city of Rome, Italy. It took almost 10 years to build this grand amphitheater. Emperor Titus decided to officially dedicate the Colosseum in Ad 80 with a festival. The festival includes 100 days of games.

You will amaze by knowing the holding capacity of the Colosseum. In 80AD, one of the Empires in the world got a place where a gathering of 80,000 people can be held. The arena of Colosseum was famous for holding Gladiator Contests, mock sea battles for the public entertainment, hunting animals, executions, re-enactments of famous battles and dramas which were based on the Classical mythology. The sitting arrangement was made according to social ranking. The vast majority of the combatants in Ancient Rome were men (though there were females gladiators were also presently known as Amazons). The Gladiators who fight were generally slaves condemned criminals or prisoners of war.

When you first saw the Colosseum in real or in the picture, a question will arise in mind like, why the Colosseum is broken? The 2/3rd of the original Colosseum has been destroyed over time. Measurement of the Colosseum is around 620 by 513 feet (190 by 155meters). The Colosseum was not the first gigantic amphitheater built. The difference between the earlier amphitheater and the Colosseum is that the former one was dug into the hillside to provide it an adequate support. The Colosseum was a freestanding structure made of stone and concrete. The arena has suffered the damages because of natural phenomena like earthquake, and lightning. The stones of the Colosseum were used to build some other building projects including the cathedrals of St. Peter and St. Johan Lateran. Some people also took the stones of the Colosseum as a souvenir. By the 20th century, a combination of natural disaster, weather, neglect, and vandalism had destroyed nearly 2/3rd of the Colosseum. It also includes all the marble seats and decorative elements of the Colosseum. The elegant exterior of the 3 stories arched entrance – around 80-supported by semi-circular columns. To honor Constantine I’s victory (AD 315) over Maxentius at Pons Milvius, an arch of Constantine was built near the main entrance of the Colosseum. The Colosseum has links to the Roman Catholic Church. Each Good Friday, the Pope leads a torchlit “Way of the cross procession”.

Famous nearby places

  1. Domus Aurea
  2. Palatine Hill
  3. The Salita del Grillo and the Trajan’s Market
  4. The Mamertine Prison
  5. The Basilica of Santi Quattro Coronati
  6. The Basilica of Saint Clemente
  7. The Basilica of Saint Stephen in the Round on the Celian Hill
  8. The Roman Houses on the Caelian Hill

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References
  1. Wikipedia.com
  2. History.com

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