Let us take you on the journey of the saga, “The Taj Mahal”. Have you ever walked a pathway beside the reflecting pool with fountains? If not then you should visit the Taj Mahal to take an experience of how the emperor in India was used to roam around their palace or monuments. The Taj Mahal, the grand mausoleum crafted with pure marble and jeweled with semi-precious stones is the place where you arrived by passing through the pathway beside the fountains. Does it excite you? Wait there are much more to come. The grace of perfection of proportions, measurements, and grandeur of geometrical patterns of gardens enhance the beauty of the Wonder of the World i.e. Taj Mahal. Let’s us we take a deep dip into the saga of the ‘Taj Mahal’. It is not fiction but purely based on the edifice of facts and love.
Many people know about the Taj Mahal as one of the greatest structure made by the human beings. Some know the Taj Mahal, as the UNESCO World Heritage Site and some know it as one of the wonders of the world. People see it as the symbol of love. Its popularity has made it a common name among the people bucket list to visit different places. Today, it comes among the most visited tourist places in the world. In this article, we are going to talk about this magnificent place. You are curious to know, where is Taj Mahal? The Taj Mahal is situated on the bank of Yamuna in Agra, UP, India. It will be amazing to know, when was Taj Mahal built? The answer is interesting. The emperor Shah Jahan commissioned this project in 1932 and it was completed in 1653 (including complex buildings). The much is said and written about the Taj Mahal by many historians. But still, people are curious to get to know, what was the history of the Taj Mahal? And Why Taj Mahal is famous? In this Taj Mahal Review, we will solve your curiosity in details. The journey of the Taj Mahal history and other questions is going to start. Please fasten your seatbelts.
The Saga begins
It’s all started with the desire of a wife. The wife was not the simple ordinary wife. She was the empress of the Mughal Dynasty, her name was Mumtaz Mahal.
Mumtaz Mahal, the most beloved wife of the 17th century Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The Shah Jahan emperor of Mughal Dynasty was famously known for building the impressive and massive structures throughout his reign. Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan got married in 1612. In 1631, Mumtaz Mahal died after giving the birth of their 14th child. According to the history and the story, at the time of deathbed, Mumtaz Mahal wishes ‘a palace to be built in her name which cannot be built by anyone in the future. And there should not be any comparison of it’. The emperor got to know the last wish of his wife. Shah Jahan loved her wife so much that in 1932, he commissioned the work of building the Taj Mahal. It is also said that after the completion of the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan Orders to cut-off the hand of Taj Mahal’s architecture and his workers so that they cannot build another of its kind.
The chief architect of this grand project was the Ustad Ahmad Lahouri. He was an Indian of Persian descent. He was later credited with the designing of the Red Fort at Delhi. The Taj Mahal was also the most outstanding example Mughal Architecture because it is built with the combination of three architecture designs. It is the amalgamation of the Indian, Persian and Islamic architecture.
The grand Mausoleum was constructed of the white ivory marble that seems to change its color according to the light of sun and moon falling on its surface. The Mausoleum was constructed with semi-precious stones intricate designs. This technique is known as Pietra Dura. It shows how grand was the era of the Mughal Emperor. The walls of the palace were engraved with the precious stones. The cost of the making of the Taj Mahal was 32million Indian rupee at the time of 17th century. Now, you can understand the love of a husband towards his wife. If you calculate the amount in the present time then it will surpass billions of dollars easily. The height of the central dome of the Taj Palace is 240 feet and it is surrounded by the 4 smaller domes. One can find very beautiful calligraphy used on the arched entrances to the mausoleum, is made according to the Islamic tradition.
The project of making Taj Mahal was completed in 1648AD, with the guest house, the mosque and the outer courtyard and other structures like cloisters were added subsequently and finally, the project is completed in 1953AD.
The uniqueness of the Wonder of the World
This architecture marvelous has much uniqueness in its geometry, patterns, location and other things. It was truly remarkable innovations carried out by the architecture of the Shah Jahan.
The tomb was placed at one end of the quadripartite garden instead of placing it in the exact center. This is what we call the genius of planning. It is because placing the tomb at the end gave rich depth and perspective to the distant view of this great monument. It seems more pleasant and in a pattern or something which is complete and perfect from the viewer point of view. The Taj Mahal is placed over the raised platform. Indeed, it is the very fine and best example of the raised tomb.
The second uniqueness which can be easily seen is the ground plan of the Taj Mahal. It is in the perfect balance of composition, the octagonal tomb chamber in the center, encompassed by the portal halls and the four corner rooms. The same and similar plan and pattern was executed on the first floor. The exterior of the tomb is square in plan, with chamfered corners. You will find it amazing that the cenotaph of Mumtaz is in the perfect center of the tomb chamber. The cenotaph of Shah Jahan is greater than the Mumtaz Mahal. The Shah Jahan cenotaph was placed after 30 years, by the side of Mumtaz Mahal cenotaph. The catching point here is that the upper cenotaphs are only illusory. The real graves are in the lower tomb chamber, a practice that was adopted in the imperial Mughal tombs.
The other structures in the Taj Mahal Complex are built with red sandstone example: the Mosque and the guest house. They are in contrast with the marble tomb in the center. Both structures are identical structures, built on a large platform over the terrace at the front.
The area nearby the Taj Mahal deteriorates the beauty of the Taj Mahal. To save this world wonder many actions have been taken by the administration from the time of the British time period especially at the time of Lord Curzon. The Supreme Court of India in 1996, delivered an order banning the use of coal/coke industries located in the Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ) and switching over to natural gas or relocating them outside the TTZ. The TTZ comprises other 40 protected monuments including 3 world heritage sites- Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, and Fatehpur Sikri.
Nearby monuments and places
The Agra being the capital of the Mughal Empire has seen many major monuments craving out in its vicinity. There are many places craved from the time of the Great Akbar. Fatehpur Sikri: it was built by him. It is also got the place in the UNESCO World Heritage site.
Agra Fort: it was constructed by Emperor Akbar in 1565. It is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage site.
Akbar Tomb, Sikandara: it is the resting place of the one of the greatest emperor of India. It has 99 names of Allah is inscribed on it.
Itmad-Ud-Daulah Tomb: It was constructed by the Noor Jahan the wife of the Emperor Jahangir in the memory of Ghiyas-ud-Din Beg.
There are many places, tombs and famous sites are present near the Taj Mahal or in the Agra city. Many people around the world visit this magnificent site. Domestic tourism is very great. People especially lived in India and the people of the world visit this place once in their lifetime. Many celebrities, Head of the nations, ambassadors and other political figures had visited this site on their visit to India. At present this site is administered by the Archeological Survey of India. Do visit this awesome place, and experience the might, luxury, and lavishness of the Mughal Emperor.
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